Sept. l2, 1939. R. E. RICE Er AL STATISTICAL 'CARD PUNCH Filed July 1, 1958 WALTER F KELLEY BY rToRNEY Sept. l2, 1939.
R. E. RICE ET AL.
l STATISTICAL CARD PUNCH Filed Ju1y 1, 1938 11 sheet-sheet 2 RAYMOND ERICE WALTER F. KELLEY ATTORNEY Sept. 12, 1939. R. E. RICE ET AL STATISTICAL CARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1958 l1 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIGA m m w m WALTER ATTORNEY Sept. 12, 1939. R. E. RICE ET AL 2,172,758
STATISTICAL GARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1938 11 SheeZS-Sheel'l 4 INVENTORS RAYMOND E. RICE WALTER F. KELLEY ff Q L..
Sept- 12, 1939 R. E. RICE ET AL 2,172,758
STATISTICAL CARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1938 ll-Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTORS RAYMOND E. RICE WALTER F. KELLEY Y gw ATT RNEY Sept. V12, 1939. R. E. RICE ET AL STATISTICAL CARD PUNCH Filed .July 1, 19:58 -11 sheets-sheet 6 INVENToRs RAYMOND ERICE WALTER. E KELLEY Bv ATT RNEY Sept. 12, 1939. R. E. RICE Er AL 2,172,758
STATIST ICAL CARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1938 11 Sheets-Sheet 7 INVENTORS RAYMOND E. RICE WALTER E KELLEY BY w ,ATTORNEY Sept.. l2, 1939. R. E. RICE ET AL STATISTICAL 'CARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1938 11 Sheets-Sheet 8 EY mE Rm s EM `R D E m ma RA W Sept 12, 1939. R. E. RICE. Ef M 2,172,758
STATISTICAL CARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1938 11 Sheets-Sheet 9 FIG. II
lNvzNTons RAYMOND ERICE WALTER F. KELLEY ATTORNEY R. E. RICE ET AL STATISTICAL CAR PUNCH Sept. 12, 1939.
Filed July 1. 1938 1l SheefS-Shdet 10 INVENTORS RAYMOND E, RICE WLTER F. KELLEY A TORVNEY v Sept. 1-2, 1939. R. E. RICE Er AL. I 2,172,758
I ASTATISTICAL CARD PUNCH Filed July l, 1958 V1l Sheets-Sheet 11 FIG. I3'
CARRIAGE CONTROL coNTRoL mvcnrons RAYMOND E RICE WALTER F. KELLEY NFTORNEY 2,112,781: s'ra'rls'rrcsr. om man y numana E. nice, Brooklyn, ma walter F.' xelley, Whitestone, N. Y., asd
gnors to Remington Band Inc., Buihlo, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application July l, 1938, No. 218,942
8 Claim (CI. 164-113) This invention relates to vstatistical card punches, and more particularlyto punches which reproduce cards with data punched therein corresponding to all or to part oi the data included in a master card.
Duplicating and reproducing card punches as now constructed, while highly eilicient for the purposes for which they are designed, are at present limited in their ilexibility oi control. Patent No. 2,004,208, issued to W. W. Lasker,
' discloses an eilicient duplicating punch which will periorate a new card in exact conformity with the master card, but is lacking in means for permitting the substitution of. new data for the old.
The present invention adapts a duplicating means toy a standard card punch, with means for progressively copying data from a master card and setting up this data in a set bar iield which will later be used to actuate the punch die, with the additional means for stopping this progressive action whenever a blank column is sensed on l the master card. By appropriate switching means the machine may be converted into a standard punch to set up data in the usual manner.
'I'he standard Powers punch of commerce has been described in detail in other patents, hence only a general description of this part of the present invention will be given here. Nos. 1,868,111, 1,985,101, 2,044,707, 2,044,708 and 2,124,178, all issued to W. W. Lasker, give detailed descriptions o! all the parts oi a standard punch and the various operations performed by them.
The present invention which combines all the operations oi a standard punch with a duplieating means. has a wide application in statistical work, where a date, stock number or `account number and other like data are to be included in the punched data for a series of punched cards which otherwise differ from each other. I
The object/mf th^e invention is to provide a duplicating machine which will punch any number of cards exactly-like a master card.
, Another object of the invention is to provide a duplicating punch which may be converted into a standard punch by a single switching ,Another object of the' invention is to `provide a punch mechanism which-will be progressively operated by a master card as long as there is data in the master card to be reproducedand Patents i will automatically stop when a. blank portion of the master card is reached.
Still another object of the invention is to' pro- I vide a punch mechanism which will transmit data 'from a master card to a set-up eld 'or from a manual keyboard, interchangeably operated by either, and at the end of such set-up operations, punch a card with the accumulated data therein.
Other objects-and structural details of the invention will be apparent from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein Fig. 1 is a front view oi the complete reproducing punch;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2 oi Fig. 1 of part of the machine taken from the left-hand side and illustrating the master card compartment, setting pins, punch die, and some of the operating mechanism;
Fig. 3is a continuation of Fig. 2 showing the card magazine and keyboard;
Fig. 4 shows two cards, a master and a duplicate, with indicated punched data therein;
Fig. 5 is an isometric view ofthe setting carriage showing some of its operating Yeatures;
Fig. 6 is an isometric View of thevmaster card sensing compartment with the cover open and the compartment empty;
Fig. '7 is a `sectional View of the master card sensing mechanism takenfrom the front;
Fig. 8'is an enlarged sectional viewl 'of Fig. 7 taken along the line 8 8, illustrating the sensing mechanism;
Fig. 9 illustrates the erase mechanism with its associatedaBowden wire and solenoid;
Fig. 10 is a rear elevational view of the master card compartment; Figs. 1l, 12, and 13 are schematic wiring diagrams, which, ii' placed side by side in the order named, will result in the complete wiring diagram of the machine.
where a main supporting frame Ill holds the cooperating umts, and a sub-frame H holds a motor generator unit I2 and a speed reduction unit I3. Mounted directly on a shaft Il of the speed reduction unit I3 arer three clutches l5, i6,.and i1. The iirst clutch l5 is for causing backspace, of the carriage, the second I6 is for carriage return andthe third I1 is to operate the punch die and the card handling mechanismsy of numeric keys, vone set 22 being for the 45- column code, the second set 23 to record in the upper zone of the card using the -co1umn code and the third set 24 to record in the lower zone, also using the 907column code. The basic principles of operation do not depend on the code nor the'keyboard usedand it is to be understood that any other code or yany other suitable keyboard may be substituted in place of those shown without altering the spirit or scope' of the invention.
A setting carriage 25 which is shown in more rdetail in Figs. 2 and 5, is mounted on rollers 26 which track on rails 21, allowing the carriage to move along the length of the punch overa set-bar field. The movable carriage is provided with Bowden wire-operated setting levers 30 which engage the ends of set-bars 28 and depress them in accordance with the data to be included in the punched card.
The setting levers 30 are operated by Bowden wires 29 which, in turn, are operated by a bank of solenoids 39 controlled by the keys in the keyboard 2|.
To produce a set-up in the set-bar field, the set-bars 28 are depressed the full extent of their allowable travel so that the extrusions 3| pass beyond thecam faces 32 in the locking slides 33 and are thereby locked in their depressed position until released by a lateral movement of the locking slides. The locking slides 33 are resiliently held to one side by flat springs 34, while the setting-bars are strained upwardly by the helical springs 35 positioned around the bars near their lower extremity.
There are two locking slides 33 for each column of set-bars one of which is located on one side of the bars and controls the rst six bars for upper column 90 column work and the other on the other side for the last six bars which are effective for lower 90 column punching.
When the machine is used as an ordinary punch controlled by the keyboard, the set-up is made, one column at a time, by the setting carriage starting at Ithe left-hand margin and moving across the field to the right-hand margin. The total set-bar field contains 540 set bars in the standard machine, each bar positioned above a punch 36.l When the data has been fully set up, the clutch |1 is actuated and a die 31 is moved upwardly by means of a lever 38, one end of which carries a roller which engages a clutchdriven cam 40. As the punch die is raised, the punches under the set-bars which have not been latched down, are lifted by the card on the die and no perforation is made. The punches under the set-bars which have been latched down will be stopped by the lower extremities of said setbars, and forced through the cardfindicating data therein After the punch die is lowered, the card is fed out of the punch and deposited in a pocket 4| while another card is picked from the bottom of a stack 42 and fed into the punch preparatory to another setting and punching operation.
Also mounted on shaft I4 are two electromagnetic clutches I5 lanci I6. These clutches are used for back-space and carriage return respectively and are fully described in the patent issued to Winter FCKeney, No. 2,160,153, dated May so, 1939.
The driving shaft I4 (Fig. 1) is connected directly to the speed reduction gear I3 and rotates y continuously when the machine is in use. By means of electromagnetic windings enclosed in the clutch drums, frictional engagement is pro- 5 duced between the shaft member |4 and the drums l5 and I6, Means for energizing these windings is provided for by a pair of slip rings with contacting brushes and associated power control circuit. Back-space link 55 and carriage return ribbon 56 are attached to the insulated portion of the clutch drums by hinged clamps. Operation of these two clutches will be hereinafter described in connection with the wiring diagram. 15
Fig. 5 shows the setting carriage with many of the parts broken away to better illustrate the control features and the method of attaching the Bowden wire housings 29 to the carriage assembly. Secured to a top plate 6U is a triangular plate 6|, held thereon by adjustable screws 62 and having riveted to its apex, a perpendicular pin 63. This pin engages a socket in another member to be described hereinafter.
Duplicating attachment Fig. 6 shows an isometric drawing of a master card compartment 64. Two metal castings 65 and 66, integrally formed with 4the main punch supports, act as supporting means for this adaptation. Two longitudinal bars 61 and 68 at` tached at their extremities to the metal castings, hold a flat plate member made up of two insulating sheets 69 and 10 and having a plurality of holes formed therein, each hole corresponding to a perforation position on the standard statistical card which is illustrated in Fig. 4. Suitable guides 1| are provided so that a card, when placed on the insulated plate, will have its punched data holes in register with the holes in the plate.
A hinged cover plate 12 is provided to hold the master card in place during the duplicating operation and permitits quick removal. Its hinges 13 are equipped with cam faces 14 and cooperating spring members 15 which hold the cover open at an angle of about 45 degrees, while master cards are being interchanged.
On the inside of the cover 12, an auxiliary perforated plate 16 ismounted on studs 11, which hold it in spaced relation to the cover. Mounted between the perforated plate 16 and the cover 12 are two flat springs 18 which are fastened to the cover by means of screws and press against the plate with their free ends. This resilient mounting of the plate permits a better adjust- 55 ment during the assembly and makes possible an accurate card position during the sensing operation.
As disclosed in more detail in Fig. 8, the insulator plate ismade up of two components, an upper insulating sheet 69 having holes for the upper ends of sensing pins 80, and a lower insulating sheet 10 whichv isY formed with larger holes for the lower ends of the sensing pins and an enlarged cylindrical cavity in its upper face to 65 accommodate the pin collar and accurately determine its vertical freedom of motion.
Secured to the bottom face of the insulating sheet 10 are thirteen copper bars 82, each running the entire length of the plate, parallel to each other and terminating at the right-hand edge (Fig. '1) of the insulator plate in projections .throughthe carriage block and makes contact with the lower ends of the usensing pins 80. An extended portion of each ofthe levers 85 fits into aslottedinsulated member 81 whcih is attached to the free end of a flat contact spring 88.
As the carriage 84 is moved along,.the contact springs .88 press the levers 85 upwardly so that the rollers 86 are strained against the lower ends of the sensing pins 80. If there is no hole in the card the sensing pin will not rise and the roller and its lever will ride under it without -upward movement, but, if there is a hole in the card, the upper end of the sensing pin will enter the hole and allow the roller and lever to be displaced upwardly an amount suiiicient to close a contact 88. In this manner an electrical contact is made whenever a hole is sensed in the master card 8|. Electrical connection mightbe made to the contact springs directly but this would necessitate long loops of flexible wire which would have to move Awith the carriage as it was stepped along. To obviate this thethirteen copper bars are used, each with its separate sliding contactor 9|, one
bar connected to the positive generator lead and the other bars connected directly to the solenoids which operate the set-up levers. 'I'he complete circuit of these contacts and their detailed operation will be described under Circuits.
The sliding carriage 84 ismoved along by the pin 63 which nts into a hole in the insulator plate thereby maintaining an exact relation between the carriage 84 and the setting carriage which is directly below it. The sensing pins must be spaced apart an amount equal vto the column spacing in order to register properly in the card holes as must also the set-bars in the set-bar field. Hence, if the sensing carriage is properly adjusted so that the wheels 85 are directly under the first column of pins, when the setting car riage is directly over the rst column of set-bars, the remaining components of the two iields will be in correct register.
In addition to the contact switches for the sensing means, there is another contact switch 94 which is included in the mechanism for protective measures. It is connected in series with the positive generator lead and when its contacts are broken the automatic sensing mechanism is disabled and no duplication is possible. As is shown in Fig. 7 one leaf of this switch extends vunder the insulator plate 88 and engages a pin 88 which extends upwardly through the plate and is displaced downwardly making the contacts when a card is properly seated in the compartment'. Closing the cover 12 without a card, or with the cards improperly placed, leaves the contacts open and no sensing is possible. The cover 12 is provided with a handle 85 and a spring latch mechanism 88 which provides the same card clearance each time the cover is closed.
Fig. 9 illustrates part oi' the setting carriage and shows in particular the erase mechanism, a i'ull and detailed 'description of which will be found in the patent issued to W. F. Kelley, No. 2,160,152, dated May 30, 1939. This figure indi- 'cafes the mechanical oii'set between the sensing carriage pin 88 and the set bar 28.
Circuits Theoperating circuits of the present invention naturally tall into two classes, nrst, the circuits used by the keyboard for the normal oper# ation of the cardk punch, and, second, the circuits and controls associated with the automatic sensing chamber when a card or part of a card is being duplicated. f
The keyboard circuits are practically the same as used in similar standard punches. When it is desired to punch data into a card using the 45 full column numeric code, the full column keys 22 are used. These are shown in the wiring diagram (Fig. 12) in the two upper rows.
In order to punch data in the full column or 45 code, it is iirst necessary to close the contacts controlled by the column relay 81 (Fig. 13). This is vdone by depressing the space key 88 in the full column series. The contacts closed by this key complete several circuits, one of which may be traced from the positive generator lead to the contact points under the space key 88, thence over lead |0| through the winding of column relay 81, thence over lead |02 'to the closed contacts 03 of the carriage return control assembly and thence to the negative'generator lead |04. This circuit causes the column relay 91 to be actuated, breaking one contact |23 and making contacts |05, ||8, and ||1. One of these contacts completes a holding circuitfrom the relay winding (lead |0|) to the contacts |08 of the lower relay |01 and, thence to contacts |08 of the upper relay |08, thence through a resistance ||0 and to the positive line |00. This circuit holds the column relay in its actuated condition after the space key has been released, and it will stay in this condition until either the upper or lower space key is depressed. e
Another circuit completed by the space key 98 is from the positive lead |00 to therright-hand contact under the space key, over lead to the space solenoid ||2, thence to the lead |02, through the contacts |03 and thence to the negative lead |04. This circuit causes the solenoid, by means of its attached Bowden wire, to effect a spacing action to the setting carriage. is not always convenient to start a data card with a blank space, the present'punch carriage has been designed with an extra space to the left of' the winding of the U. VII solenoid and thence to Athe upper bus lead ||8 and thence back through contacts H1 on the column relay 9 1, over lead |02, through the contacts |03 to the negative lead |04. This circuit causes the solenoid U. VII to .be actuated which-sets the proper set-bars to indicate the numeral 2. in the card. It should benoted that this'circuit is only possible when the column relay 91 is in its actuated position and when the carriage return control is not operating.
The three relays, column 81, lower |01, and
upper |08, each have holding circuits which arey interconnected with the contact points of the other two in such a manner that only one relay may be held operated at a time. For example,
if the column relay is in its actuated position',
.the holding circuit extends from the positive lead Since it I |00, through the resistance H and thence through three pairs of contacts |08, |06, and |05 and back through the relay winding 91 to negative as described above. These contacts are in conductingposition only when the column relay is actuated and the other two are normal. Ac-
l tuating either one of the other two, such as"the lower relay |01, opensnthe column holding circuit, through contacts |06 allowing the column relay to be normalized and closes a similar holding circuit which keeps'the lower relay |01 actuated through three other contacts |25, |24, and |23 having the same properties as those in the column holding circuit. In a similar manner, the
contacts |21, |26 and |23 are in series with the holding circuit for the upper relay |00.
Since the erase relay ||3 is actuated and its two armature contacts closed when the 2 key is ldepressed, there will result two other circuits which are as follows: From the positive lead |00, through contacts ||8 of the erase relay ||3 over lead |20, through the winding of the upper erase solenoid I2 then over lead I6 through contacts |I1 of relay 91 which are closed because the column relay is operated, thence over lead |02 and through contacts |03 to negative lead |04.
The result of this circuit is the actuation of the upper erase' solenoid which, acting through its Bowden wire, erases the existing set-up data in the upper part of the column under the carriage. The erasing action is mechanically timed to occur just before the regular data is transferred to the set-bars so there will be no interference betweenl the two actions.
By tracing the circuit through the contacts |22 of erase relay ||3, it will readily be seen that this circuit is similar in every way to the circuit l which causes the erasing in the upper field. The
vThis tripping lever is held in place by a spring |34 and engages a pin |35 attached to an erase bar |36. When the lever |30 is rotated by the Bowden wire 2,9, the tripping lever |33 is forced downwardly carrying with it the erase bar |36 and engaging two of the set-bars 28, forcing them down. The downward motion continues until the lower edge |31 of tripping lever |33 comes in contact with a pin |38, after which any further motion of the erasing lever |30 serves only to trip the lever |30 out of engagement with the pin and the erasing bar springs back to its normal position. The pin |38 is so placed that the downward movement of the set-bars 20 is sufiicient to cause the extrusions 3| (Fig. 2) to travel the full length of the inclines on the cam faces 32 but not to pass beyond their points. This action moves the locking slides 33 to the left,an amount sufficient to release all the set-bars which may have been locked down. The release of the erase mechanism is timed so that the set levers 30 may `make a data set-up in the set-bar field at the same time the erasing is done.
y To punch a digit in the upper zone of the card, the upper keys 23 are used. A different code is used for the 90-column card, some of the digits such as 2, 4, 6. and 8, requiring two holes instead of one. In order to explain the action of the upper set of keys, the circuits connected with the "4,key will be considered.
To start operations in the upper zone, the space key |40 must rst be depressed in order to actuate the upper relay |03 and make contacts |4|. Then when the "4" key |42 is depressed, a circuit is completed as follows: From the positive lead |00 through the winding of IX relay |43, and over lead |44 through the contacts of the 4 key |42, over lead |45 through the winding of the upper III solenoid |46, thence over lead ||6 through contacts |4| on the upper relay |09 and back to the negative lead |04 by way of contacts |03. This circuitV causes the actuation of the U. III solenoid and the subsequent latching down-of the corresponding set-bar. When the IX relay |43 is actuated, beth its contacts |41 and |48 are .'made, thereby completingother circuits. One of these starts from the positive lead |00, through contacts |41, over lead to U. IX solenoid l5|, and back over lead ||6 to the negative terminal as before. The actuation of the U. IX solenoid causes another set-bar to be latched down so that there will be two holes punched in the card to represent the figure 4 in the upper field. If the y circuit be traced through contacts |48 it will bev found to end at openl contacts |52 of lower relay |01 and, therefore, is inoperative.
Set-ups are made in the lower field in a similar manner to that described above and need not be detailed here.
Besides the spacing operations, the following functions may b e controlled by the keyboard. Skip, column, upper, and lower.-Depressing these keys advances the carriage to the next ,settable stop on the skip bar.
'the margin or intermediate stop and cancelling all the set-up data in the set-bar field.
Carriage return (CR) .--The setting carriage is returned to either of the stops without cancellation.
Back space (BS) .-The setting moved to the left one space.
Card carriage return (CCR) .-A card is punched with the'data in the set field and delivered to the receiving pocket. Another card is picked from the stack in the supply magazine and rolled into the punch to be ready for another punching cycle. The setting carriage is also returned to one of the stops without cancellation.
Trip (TR) .-This is the sa'me as the card carriage return except that the data in the set-bars is cancelled.
The margin-intermediate (Mar-Int) switch I carriage is vis a small toggle switch on the front of the keyhoard casing and controls circuits for causing the stopping of the setting carriage, marginal or intermediate, on all carriage return operations.
vDepression of the skip key |53 in the column series completes a circuit from the positive lead |00 through the key contacts and over the lead |54, thence through the winding of the upper skip relay |59, and over lead |55 through the winding of the upper skip solenoid |56, and thence over lead ||6 through contacts ||1, over conductor |02 and through contacts |03 to the negative lead |04. Actuation of solenoid |56 causes its Bowden 2,172,758 `wire to move its associated lever |51, (Figs. 1 and 5) which engages another lever |58 pivotally mounted on a pin and having a blocking nose v|6I. When the blocking nose is raised, it also lifts an escapement pawl |62 out of engagement with a toothed wheel |63and so. frees the carriage, allowing it to move to the right under inuence of a spring driven drum |64. The carriage moves until the blocking nose |8| engages a tab stop |65 set in the skip bar |66, thereby stopping the carriage and moving the skip bar to the right a small amount as provided for by slots |61. Secured to the skip bar |66 is a lug |89 which cooperates with contacts |68. This motion of the skip bar opens the contacts |68 in the skip circuit and ends the operation as will be hereinafter set forth.
'I'he skip operation takes an appreciable time and if the skip distance is' long the key may be depressed for only a fraction of the time taken for its completion. For this reason a holding circuit is provided on the skip relay s'o that the `positive-lead |60 is connected over lead |44 through the skip breaker contacts |68, which are normally closed and the' contacts |10 which are closed when the relay is actuated through the winding of relay |59 and thence to negative as described above. Hence, a momentary depression of the skip key is suilicient to complete the operation and the breaking of the contacts |68 by the motion of the skip bar will break the same holding circuit and return all relays and solenoids to normal. There are only two skip mechanisms provided on the punch as illustrated, one forthe lower iield and one for the upper'or column fields. The lower skip mechanism works in the same manner as the upper.
'I'hree erase keys are provided, one for column and one each ifor upper and lower. Each key actuates an erase lsolenoid which covers its designated field and also actuates the space solenoid, moving the' setting carriage one space to the right. The erase action in the setting carriage is the same as explained in the description of the set-up operation.
Can'ceL--When the cancel key |16 is depressed, the carriage is returned to either the marginal or intermediateA stop and alll thedata within the scope/of the `carriage movement is erased from the set-bar` tleld. The motive power for the carriage return operation is furnished by the electromagnetic clutch |6 -(Fig. 1) pulling a tape 56 which is wound on a springspool |99 and has a setting carriage.
hook member |1| secured to its central portion, said hook member engaging a stud |12 on the 'I'he cancelling operation is caused by the actuation of a retract solenoid |13, which by means of its associated Bowden wire -and lever member |16 and links |11 and |19,
depresses a roller |14 which Aengages and rocks the retract levers |15 and unlatches all the depressed set-bars by an appropriate transverse movement of the locking slides 33, as clearly 1 continues until the lower edge of the bell-crank shown in Figs. 1 and 2. f
Depression of the cancel key |16 causes three circuits to be completed, one energizes a retract relay |86 and the winding |81 of the carriage return control magnet, a second actuates the retract solenoid |13, and a third energizes the carriage return clutch I6. The iirst circuit may be traced as follows: From the positive generator over the leads |60 and |44 through the winding of the retract relay |80, over the lead |8| and then through the contacts-| cf the card carriage return relay |9I, which is not actuated for `thence to the negative lead |04.
this operation, thence over lead ,|88 to the cancel key I 16, then over lead |83 to the contacts |82 between' two leaves of the commutator assembly |92, thence over lead |84 to the winding of the carriage return magnet |81, which trips the carriage return control armature, and back to the negative lead |04.
The second circuit completed by the depression of the cancel key 16 is due to the closing of the amature contacts |86 of the retract'rela-y |86. The circuit may be traced from the positive lead |00, over lead |44,.through the winding of relay |80, through the contacts |86, over lead |18 through the winding of the retract solenoid 18,
riage return control lever and thence to the negative lead |04.
The third circuit runs from the positive lead |60 through the winding of the electromagnetic clutch I6, brushes 52, over lead -|'|\1 thence through the contacts |90 and to the negative lead |04 as before.
Carriage return-The carriage return opera- `tion is the same as cancel except that the retract solenoid is not actuated and no cancellation is v effected. Depression of the carriage return key |93, completes a circuit from the positive lead |00, through the key contacts, over the lead |83, through the closed contacts |82 on the commutator assembly |92 over lead |84 through the winding of the carriage return relay |81 and When the relay |81 operates, contacts |90 are made and current then ilows from the positive lead |00 through brushes 52 to the clutch winding I6, overlead |11 through the contacts |90 and back' to the negative lead |04 as before. The result 'is a simple carriage return to either margin or 'intermediate stop depending uponthesetting of that switch. In all carriage return operations, the
contact of the carriage with the designated stop produces a short' lateral movement of the stop I bar assembly |94 (Fig. l) and thereby latchesl the pivoted member |95 in its normal position, breaking contacts |96and |96 and making contacts |03. Since the carriage return clutch |6 is actuated through the contacts |90, the breaking of these contacts releases the clutch and the spring drum |99 draws the clutch and hook mem-t ber |1| back to normal.
Ba'ck-space.-The back space operation moves the setting carriage to the left one space for each depression of the back space key |91, which actuates`the magnet 204 which causesits armature to trip an arm 20| (Fig. 1) in turn closing contacts 262 through which the back space clutch magnet is actuated. The clutch I5 is similar in every Way to the carriage return clutch except that the link 55 is a metal strip instead cfa flexible ribbon. As the clutch is actuated, the
link 55 is pulled downwardly rocking a bellcrank lever |98 on its pivot 260. The motion |62 to engage the next tooth, thereby executing one back space. The circuits involved may be traced as follows: From the positive lead |00 through contacts of the back space key |91, over lead203 to the Yback space control magnet 204 and thenceto the negative lead |04 thus tripping arm 20|. Tripping this control latch closes the contacts 202 and completes another circuit from the positive lead |00,- through the winding of the back space clutch I5, through the contacts 202 back to the negative lead |04. Breaking the contacts 202 stops the clutch action as described above.
Card carriage return and trim-The card carriage return operation punches a card with the data set up in the set-bar eld, and returns the carriage to one of the marginal stops without cancellation of any of the set-up data. The trip operation is the same except that the data is cancelled. Since the card carriage return operation does not cancel any data, the carriage return clutch may start its action at the same time the punching operation is started. 'I'he trip operation, however, must time the carriage return to wait until after the punching operation,
. so as not to disturb any of the set-up data while the perforations are being made.
'I'he motive power for the punching is derived directly from the motor shaft and transmitted to the punching mechanism by means of a me' chanical friction clutch I1. This clutch exccutes a single revolution and stops each time at exactly the same point when thrown out of engagement.
The card carriage return key 205 closes two sets of contacts. One set connects the positive lead |00 directly to the winding of the card carriage relay |9I, whoseother side is connected to the negative lead |04. Three contacts are secured to the armature of this relay, one |v i breaks when'the relay is actuated and opens the circuit leading to the retract relay so there may be no cancellation. lIwo other contacts are made,
. one of which 206 acts as a holding circuit and is connected .to the positive lead through the contacts |96 of the carriage return control mechanism. The other contact 201 closes a holding circuit for the magnet |81 from positive lead |00 through contacts |96 of the magnet |81, contacts 206 and 201 of relay |9| thence through the winding of magnet |81 and then to negative generator over lead |04. is fully restored the bar |94 latches member |95 up and opens contacts |96 thereby opening the holding circuit for magnet |81.
The second set of contacts under the card carriage return key 205l is in parallel with the contacts of the trip key 208 and completes a circuit from the positive lead |00 to the feeder Ybrush 2|0 on the commutator |92, to the brush 2I|, thenceY over lead 2|2- to the contacts under the trip and card carriage return keys, thence .over lead 2|6 to the trip magnet 2| 3 and back to the negative lead |04.
'I'he actuation of the trip magnet 2|3 causes the clutch I1 to be engaged which rotates the commutator |92 and motivates all the apparatus The circuit which provides a delayed returnA of the setting carriage works in series with two of the brushes on the commutator and may be traced as follows: From the positive lead |00 over When the carriage lead |44 through the winding of the retract relay |80, and then over lead III to the contacts |85 on the card carriage return relay |8| which is not actuated during this operation, thence'over lead |86 to brush 2|4 on the commutator |82, then to brush 2'I5 after the commutator has made three-quarters of a revolution,-thence over lead |84 through the winding of the carriage return control magnet |81 and back to the negative lead |04.
'I'he actuation of the retract relay |80 closes contact |88 and energizes the retract solenoid |13 over the circuit described above which causes cancellation and energizes the clutch I8 as before.
Duplicating mechanism each lever operating under one of the twelve data positions in a column. One terminal of these contacts is connected to a common lead 2 9 which acts as a feeder supply lead for the sensing assembly. In series with this lead the card switch 94 (Figs. 7 and 11) is arranged in such manner as to close the circuit to the contact assembly.y
only when a card is correctly positioned in the compartment 64 and the cover 12 closed. A condenser 220 is connected across the terminals of this card switch in order vto absorb the sparking at the switch contacts in case the cover is opened while the machine is working. Also inl series with this feeder line is a cam operated switch 22| which opens and closes six times for every revolution of the cam 222. i
This cam is mounted on shaft |4 and rotates continuously, engaging an insulator fastened to the lower contact spring of the contacts 22|. A suitable bracket 238 secures this switch to the side of the speed reduction housing I8.
In series with each lead from the contacts 89 is another series of contacts 223, all of which are operated by a relay winding 224 which, in turn, is controlled by a toggle switch 225 located on the keyboard (Fig. 1). This multi-point relay is quite .similar to the transfer switch used in ordinary punches and is mounted in a similar manner. When the contacts of the switch 225 are open, there is no current through the relay windings 224 and all the switch contacts 223 are closed. This is the condition for duplicating action since each of the twelve contacts 89 are thereby connected to one of the solenoids which control a punch position.
When the contacts 223 are to be opened, thus placing the machine in condition i'or manual operation, the switch 225 is closed, completing a circuit from the positive lead |00, through the contacts of switch 225 through the auxiliary contacts 228 and thence through the upper and`lower windings of relay 224 which are of low resistance and the center winding which is of high resistance. This gives a strong magnetic impulse to the armature which opens all the contacts including the pair 2 26. In its actuated position, the low resistance windings are opened but a holding circuit still exists through the central high resistance winding which is sufficient to keep the contacts o'pen.
When the machine is to copy data from a master card and transfer the said data. to a'. field of set bars, th operation is as follows: The carriage is moved to the marginal stop which leaves it one space to the left of the first contact position. The master card is then put into the card compartment and the cover closed. 'I'he automatic action is started by the depression of one a of the space keys which actuates the associated code relay, upper, lower, or column, andadvances the carriage one space to the first data column. In this position, all twelve of the rollers 86 press upwardly against correspondingly situv ated sensing pins 80.
The contact springs 8B provide a spring tension which will force the sensing` pins through the card if any data holes have been punched in their respective positions and in'so doi-ng close the contact points. This action completes a circuit which is traced from the positive lead |80, over lead |44 through the carriage lto latch down the bars 28 in the setbar field. From the solenoids the circuit proceeds by lead 228 or ||8 or both to one of the space key `controlled relays, column 81, upper |09, or lower |81, and thence to thevnegative lead |04 lby way oi' lead |02 and contacts 3.
Whenever one of the setting levers is actuat- .y ed, a space bail 24|! (Fig. 2) is rocked, an amount sufficient to vtrip the escapement and advance the carriage one space. The adjustments on the space bail are such that the spacing operation is started' at the end of the setting operation so that there will -be ample time to securely latch down the set-bars before thev carriage moves to the next column.
Since the energizing current must pass through' the intermittent contacts 22|, the solenoid action z will be started when these contacts are made .by one of the six projections on the cam wheel 222. 'Ihe contacts are adjusted solthat their 'duration is long enough to complete the-,setting operation and start the spacing operation. How
ever, the break is made before the carriage hasv moved any appreciable distance since it is safer to break the current at the contacts'22l rather vthan the contacts 89.
The shaft to which the cam 222 is attached turns at approximately 100 revolutiom per minute; hence the duplicating operation proceeds at six times this rate or 600 characters per minute which is considerably faster than the speed of the average typist.
The intermittent contacts-22|, which supply ythe'.` energizing `current to the contacts 89 and -the operating solenoids, are in series with the winding of Ithe erase relay ||3; hence at each surge 'of current through theduplicating contacts, both erase contacts ||8 and |22 are closed and, if the columncode is being used, both erase solenoids are actuated. This erase action occurs Just before each setting operation whether it is needed or not because there is no way of determining the holes to be punched prior to the actual sensing operation andl also-insures that y' no prior setting remains in the mechanism.
Ii', during the duplication process, a column is sensed in which there are no punched holes, the process stops since there is no means of actuating the space solenoid nor the escapement bail. The operator of the machine must then depress one of the space keys one or more times until the sensing pins again sense a hole and the duplicating action is taken up again.
The stopping of the duplicating action by a blank space in the master card gives the operator an opportunity of changing the code by depressing a space key different from the one used to start the operation.
When all the data to be duplicated has been transferred from the master vcard to the set-bar field, the operator may continue the data-setting operations by manually operating the keys in the keyboard 2|. ,As long as the master card contains no holes in the area traversed, the manual operation may proceed without opening the relay contacts 223. However, if there happen to be some perforations in the mastercard which are not to be duplicated, it [will be necessary to open the contacts 223 by closing the switch 225, thus operating the relay 224. i
The provision for alternate usage of such a machine is advantageous when a considerable number of cards are yto contain data, some of which'is identical 'to all. This identical data may be a date, a car number, or a lot vnumber L if the date refers to merchandise, or it may be a premium date or policy total, if the machine is being used for insurance work.
In Fig. 4 are shown an example of a master card 8| and a duplicate card 232. In these cards the iirst field 233 is used for the date and the second 234 for thej division. These fields are copied automatically "from the master card 8| as is also the field 2,36 which denotes the commodity. The iields`235 and 231 are for the customers number and the amount and must be added to card 232 by means of the keyboard. I
The invention provides a machine which may be operated automaticallyy or manually and is so constructed as to permit quick and easy changes of the data which controls the automatic feature.
While we have described what we consider to be a highly desirable embodiment of our invention, it is obvious' that many changes inform could be made without departing from the spirit of our invention, and we, therefore, do 'not limit ourselves to the exact form herein shown and described, nor to anything less than the whole of our .-invention as hereinbefore set forth, and f as hereinafter claimed.
What we claim as new, and desire to secure by letters Patent, is:
1. In a card punch of the class described, the combination oi a sensing compartment for a master card, and means of transferring the data from said master card to a set-bar field, said v anism, a keyboard operating means with a sensing chamber operating -means, both of. said operating means causing the electromagnetic mechanism to set up data in a set-bar field and switching means controlled by the depression of a spacing key for changing from one operating means to the other operating means..
3. In a card punch of the class described, the combination of a setting carriage, a set-bar field, a plurality'of punches adapted to .deliver data to a card by punching holes therein, means for segregating the punched data into upper and lower zones,V said means comprising three switching relays for determining, the proper electromagnetic control of the setting carriage, each of said relays being provided with a holding circuit and contacts which are conducting when the relay is in the normal or open position, and means for allowing only one of said relays to be held in the actuated position,`said means comprising a series connection of the holding circuit of each relay with the normally closed contacts of the other two relays.
4. In a card punch of the class described, a setting carriage, a set-bar field, the setting of which determines the position of punched data, an upper and lower zone in said set-bar field for the segregation of. data, a plurality of relays for switching from one zone to another zone, keys for operating said relays and a plurality of holding circuits withmeans for allowing only one of said relays to be held in the actuated position, said means comprising a series connection of the holding circuit of each relay with the normally closed contacts of the other relays.
5. In a card punch of the class described, the combination of a set-bar field having a plurality of columns, a gang punch operable in accordance with the settings thereof, a carriage spaceable thereover adapted to effect settings in the setbar field, a sensing compartment for a-master card, means for transferring data from said master card to said carriage, said means comprising a plurality of sensing pins adapted to engage holes in said master carol, and a movable contacting carriage adapted to directly engagev the ends of the sensing pins, onecolumn" at a time, with contacting lever members, said membersadapted to close electrical circuits which will cause the setting up of the same data in the set-bar field.
6. In a card punch of the class described, the combination of a plurality of punches for perforating a card, a plurality of settable pins for operating said punches, a sensing compartment for a master card, aplurality of sensing pins adapted to sense data in said master card, a carriage having contacting levers thereon adapted to directly engage the ends of said sensing pins, one column at a time, and electrical circuit means for transferring the sensed data from the carriage to the settable pins. y
7. In a card punch of the class described, a set-bar eld, a gang punch operable in accordance with the settings of said set-bars, a sensing chamber for a master card, a plurality of sensing pins adapted to engage data holes in said master card, land means for transferring the sensed data fromv said sensing chamber to said set-bar field, said means comprising a contacting carriage adapted to directly engage the ends of. the sensing pins, one column at a time, with contacting lever members, said members adapted to cause the setting up of the same data in the set-bar field by electromagnetic means.
8. In a card punch of the class described, a series of punches for perforating a card, a setbar eld for controlling the actions of said punches, a setting carriage which travels above the set-bar ,field and delivers data thereto, a sensing chamber for a master card, a plurality of sensing pins within said sensing chamber adapted to sen'Se the data in the master card, and a plurality of movable contacting members attached to said carriage with means for directly engaging said sensing pins with said contacting members, and means for completing a circuit for every hole sensed in the master card.
RAYMOND E. RICE. WALTER F. KELLEY.