Patented Apr. 8, 1924.
UNITED STATES lATENT OFFICE..
AXEL E. ERICKSON, OE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, AssIeNon OE ONE-THIRD To MILES C. sT. JOHN, OE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
SAFETY RELIEF vAILvE.
Application led August 19, 1922. Serial No. 582,871.
VSafety Relief Valve; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and
exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and
tothey numerals of reference marked there-V on, which form a part of this speciiication.
This invention relates to safety or relief valves for high pressure vessels wherein a minimum loss of the contents is desirable for any reason. It has special reference to safety valves for vessels containing expensive or dangerous liquids or gases, such, for example, as ammonia refrigerating systems wherein a loss of the refrigerant means not only the release of a dangerous gas but a waste of expensive material.
Heretofore the safety valves used on such special installations have borne a strong resemblance to the ordinary pop safety valves used on steam boilers. Such valves necessarily open at one pressure, which is adjustable to the individual requirements, and close at a much lower pressure, thus blowing oil" a considerable quantity of steam in the case of boilers. With many high pressure processes, as, for example, refrigerating systems, such a loss of liquids or gases must be avoided as far as possible.
It is an important object of this inven tion to construct a pressure reliefvalve that will open at a predetermined pressure and close after only a very slight drop in pressure thus conserving the contents of the vessel.- v
It is a further important object of this invention to `provide 'a quick seatingl balanced relief valve having a very small range between the opening and closing pressures.
It is still a further important object of this invention to provide a by-passed relief valve wherein when said valve is open, the sum of the spring `pressure and the fluid pressure on the top of the valve will be suiiicient to close said valve after a very slight drop in pressure within the pressure vessel.
Another important object of this invention is to provide a self-seating valve that will seat securely even after long usage.
A further important object of this inveneasily adjusted,
tion is to provide a simple,
and cheaply manufactured relief easily valve.
Other `and further important objects of this invention will be apparent from the disclosures in the specilicationand the accompanying drawings.
The invention (in a preferred form) is illustrated in the drawings and hereinafter more fully described. v
Onl the drawings:
Figure 1 is an elevation of a preferred form of a device embodying this invention.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of this device.
Figure 3 is a sectionon the center line of Fig. 1.
Figure 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Figure 3.
As shown on the drawings;
The preferred form of this invention comprises a substantially cylindrical body designated by the numeral 1 having a cylindri- Cal bore therethrough of varyingdiameters. The bottom of the body 1 is tapped at 2 to receive a pipe connection 3 leading to a pressure vessel (not shown). Just above this pipe the body is internally threaded at 4 to receive a shouldered and passaged relatively soft metal bushing 5 which serves as a renewable valve seat. The shoulder 6 on this bushing seats on a shoulder 7 within the body central bore. About midway of the body a further enlargement 9 of the borevserves to locate a shouldered bushing lO'which is securely pressed into place. The upper end of formed by anv enlargement 8 of the the enlargement 9 is internally threaded at A 11 for a shouldered plug 12 which is locked in place by a lock-nut 13. Centrally disposed in said plug 12 is an adjustable conel pointed set screw 14 held in adjusted position by a lockY nut 15. A cover 16 is threaded onto the shoulder 17 of the plug 12 to conceal the set screw 14.
The valve mechanism comprises only two moving parts and a spring, and consists ofY a cup pointed cylindrical valve 18 having a good sliding lit in the bushing 10 and is prevented from turning therein by a pin 19 Y exterior form can be used, thus eliminating the use of a pin to prevent turning of the valve. f
The valve body 18 is receive the end of a spring seat 23 having a centering boss 24 for a coil spring 25 which is held at its upper end by a spring washer 26 having a similar boss 27. As shown, the valve body is internally threaded but this is for ease of handling during machining and has no function in the completed valve.
An outlet pipe connection 28 is tapped into the side of the body 1 and communicates with the valve recess 22 through the registering apertures 29 in the bushing 10 and 30 in the valve body 18.
The operation is as follows:
ln use this valve is connected to a pressure vessel by means of the pipe 3 and the pressure within the vessel gradually brought up to the allowable limit at the same time adjusting the set screw 11i until the spring pressure will yield and allow the valve to open at the required pressure. lifter securing the proper adjustment, the set screw is locked in position by means of the loch nut l5 and the cover 16 applied to the plug 12.
An increase in pressure beyond the limit the valve is adjusted to hold causes a lift of the valve 18 against the action of the spring and part of the fluid or'gas within the pressure vessel passes the valve 18 through the passage formed by the flat 21 on the side of the valve and into the spring chamber above the valve, thence into the interior recess 22 of the valve 1S and is discharged through the apertures and 29 into the pipe 28 which forms a vent leading to a distant discharging point in the case of apparatus containing a liquid which yields eX- plosive or noxious vapors.
lt will thus be seen that with the valve 18 lifted, substantially uniform pressure exists above and below the valve, thus permit-ting the spring 25 to reseat the valve. In operation this valve would rapidly flutter rather than beheld open until the pressure within the vessel was reduced to a considerable eX- tent,`as would be the case with an ordinary pop Ysafety valve.
By making the renewable valve seat of a relatively softer material than the valve, the
recessed as at 22 to valve forms its own seat and securely seals the opening anew eac-h time the valve comes down. lilith refrigerating machines, for e-X- ample, this is an important feature, as the valve is set" te'release at pressures considerably above the. normal operating pressures and consequently the valve may stand unused for long periods of time, yet it must seat perfectly after blowing off.
l am awa c that numerous details of construction n ry be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention, and l therefore do not purpose limiting the patent granted otherwise than necessitated by the prior art.
l claim as inv invention: 1. il. safety cf valve, comprising a hollow body having an inlet connection, a valve seat therein, a spring-controlled valve therefor, a constantly open lay-pass from said valve seat around said valve, and an outlet connection in said body communicating with the side of said valve opposite to said inlet connection.
2. :i safety relief valve, comprising a hollow body having an inlet connection, a valve seat therein, a. spring-controlled valve therefor formed hollow and open at its end opposite said valve seat, a. by-pass from said valve seat to said open end of the valve, and a lateral outlet connection communicating with the interior of said valve.
ifi safety relief valve, comprising a hollow body having an inlet connection, a valve seat therein, a valve therefor formed hollow and open at its end opposite said valve seat, a by-pass from said valve seat to said open end of the valve, a spring seat comprising a centering boss loosely disposed in said valve, a spring bearing on said spring seat, means for adjusting the tension of said spring, and an outlet connection communicating with the interior of said valve through alined openings.
ln testimony whereof l have hereunto subscribed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
AXEL F. ERLCKSON.
CARLTON HILL, Minis C. ST. JOHN.